Isolated wetlands provide great ecological and economic value to the United States. While some states provide protection for isolated wetlands, a great many do not. These wetlands are also left outside the ambit of federal wetland regulatory protections under the Clean Water Act, with its murky jurisdictional reach. Notwithstanding jurisdictional questions under current federal statutes, the U.S. Supreme Court has gone so far as to call into question the constitutionality of federal isolated wetland regulation. This Article makes a normative argument that, in the absence of state or local programs providing holistic isolated wetland protection, federal action is needed. The Article further provides the legal foundation—despite doubts manifested by the nation’s highest court—for the constitutionality of federal isolated wetlands regulation. This legal foundation is based upon commons analysis, which ties developers of isolated wetlands engaged in interstate commerce to those wetlands within a single act of appropriation. Such acts of appropriation are economic transactions that in the aggregate substantially affect interstate commerce—thus meeting one of the tests established by the Supreme Court for determining the constitutionality of federal legislation.
Clean Water Act of 1977 (U.S.), United States, Supreme Court, Federal legislation, Water pollution -- Law & legislation -- United States, Wetland management
Date of Authorship for this Version
Blake Hudson, Michael Hardig, Isolated Wetlands Commons and the Constitution, 2014 BYU Law Review 1443 (2015).